13 Feb Facts about Sleep Apnea
- Over 25 million Americans have sleep apnea 
- 80 to 90% of adults with OSA remain undiagnosed [2,3]
- Severe sleep disordered breathing is associated with a 3-fold increase in all-cause mortality risk and a 5-fold increase in cardiovascular mortality risk .
- OSA triples the risk of risk of incident hypertension over a period of 4 years 
- 70-83% of patients with drug-resistant hypertension have OSA 
- 70% of patients with Type 2 diabetes have sleep apnea (ASAA)
- SDB is present in 77% of men and 64% of women with a history of stroke, 76% of individuals with congestive heart failure and 60% of patients with metabolic syndrome [7,8,9]
- The rate of motor vehicle accidents is seven times higher in patients with sleep apnea than in the average population 
1. MyApnea.org https://myapnea.org/
2. American Academy of Sleep Medicine http://www.aasmnet.org/resources/factsheets/sleepapnea.pdf
3. Daulatzai, M A. Death by a thousand cuts in Alzheimer’s disease: hypoxia—the prodrome. Neurotoxicity research. 2013; 24:216-43
4. Young T., Finn L., Peppard P. E., Szklo-Coxe M., Austin D., Nieto F. J., Stubbs R. & Hla K. M. Sleep disordered breathing and mortality: eighteen-year follow-up of the Wisconsin sleep cohort. Sleep. 2008; 31:1071-8.
5. Quan S. F. & Gersh B. J. (2004). Cardiovascular consequences of sleep-disordered breathing: Past, present and future report of a workshop from the national center on sleep disorders research and the national heart, lung, and blood institute. Circulation. 2004; 109:951-7.
6. Pedrosa, R. P., Drager, L. F., Gonzaga, C. C., Sousa, M. G., de Paula, L. K., Amaro, A. C., Amodeo C et al. Obstructive sleep apnea the most common secondary cause of hypertension associated with resistant hypertension. Hypertension. 2011; 58:811-7.
7. Dyken, M. E., Somers, V. K., Yamada, T., Ren, Z. Y., & Zimmerman, M. B. Investigating the relationship between stroke and obstructive sleep apnea. Stroke. 1996; 27:401-7.
8. Oldenburg, O., Lamp, B., Faber, L., Teschler, H., Horstkotte, D. & Töpfer, V. Sleep‐disordered breathing in patients with symptomatic heart failure: A contemporary study of prevalence in and characteristics of 700 patients. European journal of heart failure. 2007; 9:251-7.
9. Drager, L. F., Togeiro, S. M., Polotsky, V. Y., & Lorenzi-Filho, G. Obstructive sleep apnea: a cardiometabolic risk in obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2013; 62:569-76.
10. Teran-Santos, J., A. Jimenez-Gomez, and J. Cordero-Guevara. “The association between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents.” New England Journal of Medicine 340.11 (1999): 847-851.